Apostle Talk: Future News Now!

Leadership, prophetic, & apostolic teaching. Written and podcast.

THE PASSOVER – PART 5 OF 7

APOSTLE TALK  –  Future News Now!
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THE PASSOVER – PART 5 OF 7

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This is Part 5 of a seven (7) part series to help you understand the Biblical roots of the Passover.
Also, to help you understand WHY and HOW the Passover being celebrated today is different from that given to Moses in the instructions by God in Exodus Chapter 12. HOW did the changes come about and WHY? You will have a deeper understanding and love for your LORD after this study!

Also, the reason for the mysterious APHIKOMEN – the “middle cake” – and WHY it is hidden away!

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THE PASSOVER – PART 5 OF 7

It must be evident to you now that the description of the Passover service mentioned in Parts 1 thru 4 of this study are NOT mentioned in the Passover instructions recorded for us by Moses in Exodus Chapter 12. In this story there is NO mention of wine, or four (4) special glasses of wine, or an egg. Instead of a dry shinbone, the main feature of the original Jewish Passover was the roast lamb. And certainly there is no mention of three (3) special unleavened cakes and the ceremony of burying or hiding away half of the middle cake and bringing it forth at the end of the feast.

This marks a radical change from the feast initiated by Moses. When and how did this change come about? Nowhere in the writings of Moses, nor in those of the Rabbis during the 1500 years that followed the days of Moses, is there any question of wine as being necessary for the keeping of the Passover, or that it MUST BE RED! This presents three (3) QUESTIONS:

  1. Who substituted the bread for the Passover lamb?
  2. Who made the wine an essential part, and why should it be RED like BLOOD? And;
  3. Why does the Jew today – while eating of the middle cake called APHIKOMEN – believe that he is eating the Passover lamb?

Although the Jewish people do not realize it, the origin of the use of the bread comes from the Brit Chadashah (the New Testament). The Jewish followers of Messiah made the change during the immediate years after the Lord’s resurrection. It is because the Lord Jesus took bread and said: “This is my body.” It is He who gave His disciples bread and told them, as they were eating it, to believe that they were eating the sacrifice of the Passover.

The half piece of cake called APHIKOMEN is wrapped in a cloth and hidden, because when Jesus died on the cross His disciples took His body down, wrapped it in grave clothes and placed it in the tomb. The APHIKOMEN is later brought forth from its hiding place because on the third day God raised Jesus from the grave.

The APHIKOMEN is eaten as the last act of the Passover feast because the institution of the Lord’s supper took place at the close of the meal in the upper room in Jerusalem. The members of the family share it because the followers of Messiah were regarded as the family of God. Jesus (Yeshua) is the bread of life to all that believe in Him!

Every single act done to the middle cake by the Jewish people today is descriptive of what happened to the Lord Jesus. It is therefore He whom the APHIKOMEN represents. And all the three (3) cakes are really symbolic of the Holy Trinity, the threefold revelation of the Godhead: God, the Father and Creator … God, the Savior or redeemer … and God, the Holy Spirit. The middle cake, which represents the Lord Jesus (Yeshua, the Messiah), is the one that is broken. He was broken and He was crucified.

Notice, also, the fashion of the Passover cakes: with the stripes and holes pierced in them. There was NO New Testament during the early church years, and only a few copies of the TANAKH (Old Testament Hebrew scriptures) in the hands of the leaders. The early followers of Messiah wanted to impress and perpetuate the story of Messiah Yeshua for their children and children’s children … and generations to follow. They wanted to teach them that Yeshua HaMashiach was the One Who fulfilled Isaiah 53: “Surely he has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed.”


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2016/04/25 Posted by | PASSOVER | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

MASHIACH, METRICS AND MIRACLES – END TIME PRODUCTIVITY

APOSTLE TALK – Future News Now
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 Prince Handley
President / Regent

 MASHIACH, METRICS AND MIRACLES
END TIME PRODUCTIVITY
~ A MIRACLE PODCAST PRODUCTION ~

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DESCRIPTION

Messiah Jesus told the church at Ephesus, “I have this against you, that you have left your first love.” He also told them, “But this you have, that you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.” The Nicolaitanspeople conquerorswere the precursors of the “false covering” or “discipleship” movement which attemptsstill todayto control evangelistic and prophetic ministry. See my podcast, The False Covering Movement.

In this podcast-teaching I am going to discuss how we need to prepare ourselves for the following:

New creative works: from God … and through us to others.

What to watch for … and be aware of.

Saddle up … we’re on our way!

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MASHIACH, METRICS AND MIRACLES
END TIME PRODUCTIVITY
~ A MIRACLE PODCAST PRODUCTION ~


We are in the entrance to the last days! How about a little fire!?
Do NOT lose your first love: that of witnessing and winning souls for Messiah Jesus. Also, BEWARE of the following: As the Holy spirit is being poured out upon all flesh, the enemy of all righteousness, Satan, will once again try to “control” the End Time prophetic and evangelistic movement by his agents: “people conquerors” in the Body of Messiah.

Don’t worry about “wild fire”I would rather have a little “wild fire” than NO fire at all! Plus, persecution is coming to the REAL believers from other “Christians” and from the government. This is one reason WHY you need to start your own synagogue or church … or start a home or community Bible study. Go here for more help: How to Start a Synagogue or Church.

To help prepare you for NEW creative works and to help you watch forand be aware ofthings to come, I am going to zero in on the following: Mashiach, Metrics and Miracles.

MASHIACH

The mashiach was descended from King David (Jeremiah 23:1-8). The mashiach is often referred to as “mashiach ben David” (mashiach, son of David). He will, of course, be well-versed in Jewish law, and observant of its commandments (Isaiah 11:2-5), because He is the Son of God. He will be the deliverer who will win battle of Armageddon for Israel when He returns from Heaven in the clouds. He will be a great judge, who makes righteous decisions (Jeremiah 33:15) during the 1,000 year Millennial rule on earth. But above all, He is the Son of God: who was born of a virgin by a miracle and gave His life for the sins of the world as both the Scriptures and the Ancient Rabbis testified.

Where many Jewish scholars make a mistake is that they think the Mashiach will be a great political and military leader. This is what will deceive them in the End Times. Here is basically what most “religious” Jews believe concerning the Messiah.

It has been said that in every generation, a person is born with the potential to be the mashiach. If the time is right for the messianic age within that person’s lifetime, then that person will be the mashiach. But if that person dies before he completes the mission of the mashiach, then that person is not the mashiach.

He will be well-versed in Jewish law, and observant of its commandments. He will be a charismatic leader, inspiring others to follow his example. He will be a great military leader.

The above are the “marks” of the false Messiah: the anti-Christ. And, this is what will deceive many Jews at the same time the New Global Governance allows them to rebuild their Temple in Jerusalem. The Prophet Daniel tried to warn Israel ahead of time concerning this. (Tanakh: Daniel 9:27). This is also paralled in the Brit Chadashah in 2 Thessalonians 2:1-4

But in connection with the coming of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah and our gathering together to meet him, we ask you, brothers, not to be easily shaken in your thinking or anxious because of a spirit or a spoken message or a letter supposedly from us claiming that the Day of the Lord has already come. Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way.

For the Day will not come until after the Apostasy has come and the man who separates himself from Torah has been revealed, the one destined for doom. He will oppose himself to everything that people call a god or make an object of worship; he will put himself above them all, so that he will sit in the Temple of God and proclaim that he himself is God.[Complete Jewish Bible]

Another major “missing piece” in most religious Jews understanding of the End Times is their lack of resources concerning the specifics of End Time conflicts. Particularly their lack of comprehension concerning the difference in the Ezekiel 38-39 conflict and the Battle of Armageddon. These are two (2) separate events. This misunderstanding is mainly due to only consulting the Tanakh and NOT resourcing the events described in the Book of Revelation inthe Brit Chadashah (the New Testment). You can find out details by reading Map of the End Times. In addition, there will be another conflict described in Psalm 83 and Isaiah Chapter 11.Study more about this here.

In adddition, Israel will also have a KEY ENEMY―a greater enemy than Iran or ISISwith strategic architectural and spiritual plans against her: this will be her nemesis, Babylon the Bitch.

My friend, if you do not know what’s going on with Israel … you will NOT know what’s going on with YOU. God has blessed me by His Spirit to have revelation of geopolitical eventsboth NOW and in the FUTUREfor God’s People and as a “sign” to the world. Watch my tweets on Twiitter at www.twitter.com/princehandley. From time-to-time you will see them with the hashtag starting as follows: #PROPHECY.

METRICS

Yes, metrics are important in End Time ministry. You need to monitor and measure your effectiveness in ministry. True … not ALL the Holy Spirit does through you can be seen. Inner workings in the hearts and lives of people, answers to prayer that happen in far away places, prophetic decrees taking effectbeing birthedin nations and people groups and other “under the radar” operations of the Spirit may NOT be known to you now … or, possibly ever.

However, some of what you are doing for the LORD may be measured. For example, I know that last month on one of my websites 5% of the hits were from Beijing, China. I also know that recently on one of my podcasts the downloads spiraled up so high that on one day alone the downloads were 14 times the monthly average. I investigated to find what caused that so we may use that information in the future for the LORD.

Metrics are only as important as you make them. It’s funny how a child will say, “I’m five and a half,” but you never hear a grown person saying, “I’m 52 and a half.” Be a good steward of the ministry God has assigned you. Be diligent to know the state of your flocks, and attend to your herds.” (Proverbs 27:23)

Speaking of metrics, never underestimate the power of a Gospel tract you hand to someoneespecially if you have just talked to them about Jesus. From just one tract, How to Receive God’s Power, 122 people received the Baptism in the Holy Spirit and spoke in tongues (from the same piece of paper!!!). Learn how to setup your own print shop with this 387 page “How To Do It” manual: Christian Evangelism Printing.

One of the people the LORD honored me to ordain into the ministry was Reverend Larry Beckmann. Larry kept a log of how many people God allowed him to pray with and who received Messiah Jesus as their Saviour for 32 years. During that time he personally prayed with 170,336 people to receive Christ. In one city alone (Atlanta, Georgia), 60,347 people prayed with him to receive Christ. And, in just a five year period, one married couple Larry trained in soul-winning, in Atlanta, prayed with an additional 8,000 people to receive Christ. Here is the soul-winning plan that Reverend Beckmann developed: God’s Anointed Soul Winning Plan.

MIRACLES

Miracles are part of the normal New Testament ministry. If you are NOT experiencing MIRACLES, study How to Know God and Receive Miracles… AND …Receiving Miracles for the Impossible Work.And, do NOT forget the ministry of the Holy Angels whom God has assigned to work with you and to protect you.Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?” (Hebrews 1:14)

Do NOT be hesitant to enlist and commission the Holy Angels to help younot only in your God assigned tasksbut in your personal life as well. One time I was in terrible pain for months in my upper right back. The pain hurt so badly that I cried lots of tears. I went to doctors, to specialists and to physical therapy. The LORD told me NOT to take some extreme medication prescribed for me. (I later researched it and found it was very dangerous.) Nothing helped. I even told two of the doctors, “The pain is so bad that I have asked God to either heal me or take me home to Heaven.”

One night I was laying on the floor and before I went to sleep, I prayed and said to God, “Father, you can just send one of your Holy Angels and tell him to touch me.” That night, as I was sleeping, I was awakened by a LOUD “pop” and I felt something in my right upper back. I was instantly healed and had no more trouble after that. I don’t care what other people say or think. I know God sent His Holy Angel and had him touch me in answer to my prayer!

I have prayed before and asked God to send His Holy Angel and bring me money. Within hours, a knock was at my door and a person was there with hundreds of dollars for me. A Holy Angel appeared to my first-born daughter when she was four years old. Here is a “short read” book I have written that will really help you experience MIRACLES in your personal life as well as your ministry: Apostolic Ministry: Miracles Follow You (Volume 11 in the Spiritual Growth Series).

Above all, remember this: “Condescend to men of low estate.” (Romans 12:16)

I have listed three books below to help you with Mashiach, Metrics and Miracles.



BABYLON
THE BITCH

THE ART OF
CHRISTIAN WARFARE

FAITH AND
QUANTUM PHYSICS


OPPORTUNITY

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My friend, let me ask you the most important question of your life: If you were to die right now, do you know for sure that you would go to Heaven? If not, pray this prayer:

God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, if Jesus is really my Messiah, please reveal Him to me and I will serve You the rest of my life. Please forgive my sins. Help me to live for you the rest of my time on earth, and take me to Heaven when I die. Amen.”

Baruch haba b’Shem Adonai.

Your friend,
Prince Handley
President / Regent
University of Excellence

Podcast time: 16 minutes, 34 seconds

Copyright © Prince Handley 2015
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2015/08/19 Posted by | END TIME KEYS | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

THE BOOK OF ISAIAH VS. FALSE HIGHER TEXTUAL CRITICISM

THE UNITY OF THE BOOK OF ISAIAH VS. FALSE HIGHER TEXTUAL CRITICISM

FALSE HIGHER CRITICISM AND POWERLESS PROFESSORS

A SPECIAL PRESENTATION


DESCRIPTION:

This special presentation will expose the fraudulent, faithless, and foolish teaching that has weakened … if not destroyed … the faith of many seminary graduates who once had a bright light in their eye and a goal towards a lifetime of service in both orthodox and conservative synagogues and churches.

Powerless and impotent professors beget powerless and impotent rabbis and ministers. Like things produce like things. It’s not the survival of the fittest that is a problem for evolution … but it is the ARRIVAL of the fittest. In like manner, it is the arrival upon the scene of Spirit-filled, faith believing rabbis and ministers who bring an influx of G-d, His glory, and His miracles into houses of worship.

Many theological seminaries who were once beacons on the hill for truth and the integrity of G-d’s Word have departed from the core belief that the Holy Bible (Tanakh and Brit Chadashah) is the inspired, inerrant word of G-d in entirety. Instead of turning out powerful men and women of G-d, they are producing leaders who at the best are social and theological evolutionists … and at the worst are shepherds for a neutered Mashiach: a powerless Jesus.

I attended the 2011 graduation ceremony at Azusa Pacific University where 1313 graduates were receiving degrees (B.A., Masters, and Ph.D). The speaker, the new President of the University, a Christian pastor of a large Nazarene church and from a family of many ministers, presented the message to the graduates. After listening to his whole speech, I wondered if he ever reads the Holy Bible … or when was the last time he read it. He mentioned that Abraham’s wife, Sarah, was 95 when she bore Isaac; he also mentioned that Gideon won the battle against the Midianites with only 30 men. Maybe he is just not good with numbers!

Many seminarians have had their faith destroyed by “mentors of madness.” However, it is not all the fault of the impotent professors. If the students were true scholars, they would at least spend as much time searching for truth as they do listening to the directives of their teachers. Just because a teacher has a Ph.D. does not mean he or she holds truth circumspectly. There are usually just as many Ph.D.’s holding positions on the opposite side of the aisle.

Most lay people are unaware of how different their rabbi’s or pastor’s academic view of the Bible is from their own view. If they were to find out that their rabbi or pastor did NOT believe the Bible is the inspired, inerrant Word of G-d in entirety, they would be shocked. Actually, this is no more than fraud on the part of leadership. They are being paid while at the same time leading their congregants or parishioners astray. They usually do NOT tell their people what they believe, unless symantically “masking” their real beliefs.

For example, they do NOT believe that the Holy Prophets could predict events ahead of time. (It makes you wonder how they deal with the prophecy of Bethlehem in Tanakh: Micah 5:2.) They do NOT believe, for example, that G-d could tell Isaiah ahead of time that Cyrus would take Babylon and free the Jews to return to Jerusalem. (See Isaiah 44:28 and 45:1-4) This prophecy was given to Isaiah 100 years before Cyrus was born … and called Cyrus by name. This is WHY many synagogues and churches are weak: they have leaders who have been brainwashed by seminary professors to NOT believe in the Word of G-d or in the prophetic ability of the Holy Prophets. (This is usually NOT a problem in yeshivah gedola.)

This transfers to a host of problems: lack of healing, lack of miracles and lack of power; all of which could give glory to G-d and benefit the people of G-d. A lack of TRUE scholarshhip in higher biblical criticism as taught by many seminary professors trickles down and influences the student … many times causing doubt towards the Word of G-d … and at the worst, producing destruction of faith. When a seminarian is taught falsely that there were two … or possibly even three … authors of the Book of Isaiah (Deutero Isaiah, Tertiary Isaiah, etc.), it causes them to doubt the authority of the Holy Bible.

It is for this reason that I am presenting this material to you. I want to prove to you how you can know that Isaiah wrote the Book of Isaiah.



FALSE HIGHER CRITICISM AND POWERLESS PROFESSORS
STD: SEMINARIES TRAINING DOUBTERS

HOW WE KNOW THAT ISAIAH WROTE THE BOOK OF ISAIAH

ISAIAH AND CYRUS THE GREAT – NO DEUTERO-ISAIAH

Editor’s note:
I have been planning on presenting this material for some time;
however, after reviewing the material below by Chuck Missler, I think it
covers everything I would have presented … and more … and better!
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The following is a two-part commentary by Chuck Missler
Copyright © Koinonia House Inc. 1994

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“Hereupon the Persians who had been left for the purpose at Babylon by the, river-side, entered the stream, which had now sunk so as to reach about midway up a man’s thigh, and thus got into the town.” – Herodotus

In 539 BC, Cyrus son of Cambyses took Babylon without a struggle. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Cyrus diverted the course of the Euphrates river, making the river level drop and giving the invading forces the ability to enter into the city that night through the river bed. Nobody noticed them coming in, and the city gates that opened up onto the river were not closed; the Persians were able to just walk into town. Within a year, Cyrus declared that all the Jews captive in Babylon were free to return home to Jerusalem, as described in Ezra Chapter 1.

These two events – the taking of Babylon the Great without a battle and the magnanimous freeing of the Jews soon after – are both remarkable historical events in themselves. What makes them even more notable is the fact that God told about them in Isaiah 44:26-45:1, 13, appointing Cyrus by name 100 years before this son of Cambyses was born.

The Book of Isaiah is one of the most greatly admired and beloved books of the Bible. The New Testament writers quote Isaiah more than all the other Old Testament prophets combined. From a literary point of view, the writing of Isaiah is superb, full of parallelism and euphony; scholars savor Isaiah’s obvious attention to the literary art of his writing.

Beyond his writing skill, Isaiah’s book is filled with prophecies about Judah and the surrounding lands. It also contains a host of very important Messianic prophecies (7:14-16; 9:1-7; 11:1-16; 32:1ff; 42:1-7; 50:5-8; 52:13-15; 61:1-3; 65:17), even describing in detail Jesus’ crucifixion 700 years before it happened.

In Isaiah 44 and 45, God not only describes the ease with which Cyrus would enter the city with the “two leaved gates” (gates that were not even shut against the invaders!) but also notes that He would “loose the loins of kings” before Cyrus – a euphemism regarding the fear these kings would feel and the mess in their pants they’d make as a result. As a matter of fact, about the time Cyrus’ men were entering the city, King Belshazzar, co-regent with his father Nabonidus, was being interrupted in his feast. A hand began to write on the wall to tell Belshazzar that his time was up. Daniel 5:6 puts in not-so-delicate terms how greatly the fear of this sight affected Belshazzar, saying, “his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.” Who says God isn’t detailed!

In circles of modern liberal criticism, though, it has become popular to dismiss the idea, held for some 2500 years, that Isaiah son of Amoz wrote the entire book credited to his name. Old Testament scholars have found it fashionable to argue that there were at least two “Isaiahs”, perhaps even three or more. These critics argue that it makes no sense for God to have foretold events that would not have taken place during the life of the prophet. They attempt to argue that the character of God in Isaiah 1-39 is far fiercer than the gentle God of Isaiah 40-66, that the language is different in the two sections, and that there are two different views of the Messiah between the first part of Isaiah and that written by the alleged Deutero-Isaiah. Ultimately, they do not believe that Isaiah could have written about Cyrus the Great in 700 BC. They cannot believe that the precise information in that prophecy could have been penned 150 years before it came to pass.

These criticisms can sound scholarly on the surface, but they depend far less on evidence than on a bias against predictive prophecy. While these scholars may believe that a bias against the supernatural – and the power of God to speak through His prophets centuries in advance – is scientific in this modern world, the truth is, it’s still a bias. It’s still just their opinion based on a humanistic worldview.

Honest scholarship strongly supports the historical view that Isaiah ben Amoz wrote the entire book with his name on it.

Historically, Isaiah has always been recognized as the author of all 66 chapters.

  • The Septuagint: When the Septuagint was translated in the 3rd century BC, merely two centuries after Deutero-Isaiah was supposed to have been written, there was no indication that the book had more than one author.
  • The New Testament: The New Testament writers treat the entire book of Isaiah as one book belonging to one author and quote him more than all the other prophets combined. In fact, in John 12:37-41, John quotes from Isaiah chapter 53 and chapter 6 back to back, giving Isaiah credit for both sections.

“But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:

That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?”

Isaiah 53:1; Romans 10:16

“Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,

He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.”

Isaiah 6:9,10; Mtatthew13:14

  • The Dead Sea Scrolls: An entire copy of the book of Isaiah was found in the Dead Sea Scrolls. There is no separation between Chapters 1-39 and 40-66. In fact, chapter 40 starts on the last line of the same column that ends chapter 39. As Oswald Allis notes, “Obviously the scribe was not conscious of the alleged fact that an important change of situation, involving an entire change of authorship, begins with chapter 40.”

Internally, Isaiah offers extensive evidence of one author:

  • Isaiah’s Hebrew: Throughout all 66 chapters, Isaiah uses pure Hebrew. Unlike Ezra and Nehemiah, which use terminology adopted from Babylon, Isaiah’s Hebrew is free from the vocabulary that the Jews gained during the exile.
  • Jerusalem and the land: The destruction and future healing of Jerusalem are described in chapters 1-39, and Jerusalem is described as still standing in chapters 40-66, demonstrating distant prophecy in the first part of Isaiah and an early date for the end of Isaiah. For instance, in 3:8, Isaiah speaks of Jerusalem as already fallen and destroyed in the context of a prophecy about the future. In 6:11-13, which all agree is a passage by Isaiah son of Amoz, God describes the future destruction of the land followed by the return of the remnant. On the other hand, passages like 40:9 and 62:6 treat Jerusalem and the cities of Judah as still standing, as they were before the Babylonian invasion.
  • Topography: The description of the topography in Isaiah 40-66 is the rocky mountainous land of Judah and not the flat alluvial Fertile Crescent. For instance, 57:5-6 describes the “clifts of the rocks” and the smooth stones of the streams.
  • Themes: Certain themes and terminology are repeated throughout the book. The “highway” theme comes up repeatedly (11:16; 19:23; 35:8; 40:3; 62:10). Isaiah refers to God as “Lord of hosts” repeatedly throughout the entire book.  “The Holy One of Israel” is Isaiah’s distinctive name for God used 12 times in chapters 1-39 and 14 times in chapters 40-66. The phrase is only used six other times in the Bible outside of Isaiah.
  • The significance of idolatry:  Idolatry was a major problem in Judah before the exile, but the post-exilic writers Haggai, Zechariah, Ezra, Nehemiah and Malachi do not mention idolatry even while discussing the nation’s other sins. Yet, in the latter end of his book, Isaiah continues to speak strongly against idolatry (41:29; 44:9-20; 57:4ff; 65:2-7), indicating an early authorship. 
  • The by-line: Only Isaiah, son of Amoz, is named as the author throughout the book of Isaiah, at the beginnings of chapters 2, 7, 13, 20, 38, and 39. No other author is mentioned at all. Even when Ezra and Nehemiah were bound together, those two books did not get confused and lumped together under Ezra. Yet, “Deutero-Isaiah” was allegedly lost to history. Chapters 40-66 contain some of the highest quality literature in all of written history, yet we are expected to believe that this writer went mysteriously unrecognized until he was “discovered” by recent scholarship.

As Gleason Archer Jr. declared, “There is not a shred of internal evidence to support the theory of a Second Isaiah, apart from a philosophical prejudice against the possibility of predictive prophecy.”

Isaiah is an amazing book, filled with the power and passion of God. In it He declares, “I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:” (Isaiah 46:9-10).

Related Links:

The Book of Isaiah: Authorship Analysis – Scribd.com
The ACU Commentary and the Unity of the Book of Isaiah – ChristianCourier.com
Case For the Unity of Isaiah – BiblicalResources.com
Why We Know The Bible Is Inspired Of God – The Baptist Pillar
Cyrus Captures Babylon Account in 539 B.C. – Bible-History.com
Isaiah Commentary Online – Koinonia House
How Many Isaiahs? – Koinonia House


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A Common Pitfall: How Many Isaiahs?
by Chuck Missler

Copyright © Koinonia House Inc. 1994

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My early zeal for studying the Scripture was dampened many years ago as I encountered what is often called “textual criticism.” I was surprised to learn that it was naive and unlearned to regard the Book of Isaiah as actually written by the prophet Isaiah, as was commonly thought.

With its 66 chapters, Isaiah is the longest prophetic book of the Old Testament. Most scholars agree that the book falls naturally into two major sections, Chapters 1-39 and Chapters 40-66.

The first section has a distinctive style which changes noticeably in the final section. It is easy to remember since it parallels the Bible itself, with 39 books in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament. (But don’t make too much of this; the chapter divisions, as we know them, were added in the 13th century.)

The Deutero-Isaiah Theory

The “textual critics” have insisted that the Book of Isaiah is a compilation of two different writers, each calling himself Isaiah but writing at different times. This “Deutero-Isaiah” theory is surprisingly prevalent in many modern (“liberal”) commentaries. (There are some that even advocate a three-Isaiah theory.)

The first section of the book deals with God’s approaching judgment on the nation of Judah. In some of the most striking passages in all the Bible, the prophet announces that God will punish His people because of their sin, rebellion, and worship of false gods. While this section includes many references to the coming Messiah, including His virgin birth1 and his rule on the throne of David,2 the style of this section is distinctive and certainly fits the subject matter.

The last section, in contrast to the first, is noticeably different. It emphasizes the Messianic expectation and an ultimate comfort for God’s people. (Most of Handel’s Messiah was drawn from this section of the Book of Isaiah.) The heart of his stunning prophecy occurs in Chapter 53, as Isaiah presents the role of the coming Messiah in its highest point. Some call this passage the “Holy of Holies” of the Old Testament. The Servant’s suffering and death and the redemptive nature of His mission are clearly foretold. Although mankind deserved God’s judgment because “we have turned, every one, to his own way,”3 God sent His Servant to take away our sins. According to Isaiah, it is through His suffering that we are reconciled with God, since “the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.”

It is principally on the basis of the stylistic changes between the two sections that critics have developed the Deutero-Isaiah theory. Those who assign Chapters 40-66 to a “Second Isaiah” point out that the two major sections of the book seem to be set in different times. Chapters 1-39 clearly belong to the eighth century b.c., a turbulent period in the history of Judah.


But Isaiah 40-66, according to these scholars, seems to be addressed to the citizens of Judah who were being held as captives in Babylon about two centuries after Isaiah lived and prophesied. These scholars also point to the differences in tone, language, and style between the two major sections as proof that the book was written by two different authors.

The Traditional View

There are, however, conservative scholars who insist the entire book was written by the famous prophet Isaiah who ministered in the southern kingdom of Judah for 40 years, from about 740-700 b.c. They point out that the two sections of the book have many similarities, although they are dramatically different in tone and theme. Many phrases and ideas that are peculiar to Isaiah appear in both sections of the book.

A good example of this is Isaiah’s unique reference to God as “the Holy One of Israel.”4 The appearance of these words and phrases can be used to argue just as convincingly that the book was written by a single author.

In the second section of his book, Isaiah looked into the future and predicted the years of the Captivity and the return of the Covenant People to their homeland after the Captivity ended. If the prophet could predict the coming of the Messiah over 700 years before that happened, he could certainly foresee this major event in the future of the nation of Judah.

The style of each section deliberately matches its subject matter.

The Valley of Doubt

Doubts about the authorship and authenticity of any book in the Bible can have tragic consequences for those who are attempting to take the Bible seriously (especially seminary students). As I look back on my own spiritual journey, I recall the many years that these views introduced a subtle doubt in my mind and hampered my real growth in the Word.

Is there a way to resolve this without getting drawn into the distressing debates and arrogant displays among erudite scholars and “textual critics”? Indeed, there is. I only wish I had discovered it earlier in my own travels through God’s wondrous Word.

The Discovery in John 12

What a precious chapter! It has many marvelous insights, but among the dearest to me personally are verses 37-41:

37] But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:
38] That the saying of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?
39] Therefore they could not believe, because that Isaiah said again,
40] He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
41] These things said Isaiah, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.

In this passage we first encounter a quote, in verse 38, familiar to many of you, that begins the famous chapter of Isaiah 53. This would be in the section attributed to the “Second Isaiah.”

In verse 40 we have a quote from Isaiah Chapter 6 (v. 10), as verse 41 also highlights what occurs when Isaiah beholds the throne of God. This is, of course, in the first section of Isaiah.

Oh, how I am grateful for verse 39! Notice that John tells us that “that Isaiah said again” when he links the two passages and, thus, the two sections and attributes them both to “that” (same) Isaiah!

If you take John seriously, and recognize the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, then you need not doubt the authorship of Isaiah – both “sections.”

It is fascinating to me to notice that there is no heresy – or controversy – that hasn’t been anticipated by the Holy Spirit within the Scripture itself. If we recognize the reality that we have 66 books penned by 40 authors over thousands of years that are an integrated whole, and that every detail has been the result of careful and skillful engineering, then there is no need to stumble over the erudite skepticism and arrogance by scholarship falsely so called.

Isn’t God wonderful? If we would just learn to take Him at His Word.

For a discussion of these and other “pitfalls” in studying God’s Word, see our Briefing Package, How To Study The Bible.

This article was originally published in the
December 1994 Personal Update NewsJournal.
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**NOTES**

  1. Isaiah 7:14.
  2. Ibid. 9:6.
  3. Ibid. 53:6.
  4. Ibid. 1:4; 17:7; 37:23; 45:11; 55:5; 60:14.

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